Development Domains

The different areas of a child’s development, also called development domains, are inter-related and cover the different aspects of a child’s growth. Learning happens in four key areas :

Physical
Social & Emotional
Cognitive
Language & Communication

Although every child develops differently there are certain early childhood development milestones that define what activities a child tends to do at a particular age. Different stages of development are thus reached at different ages.

Physical Development

Physical development is the child’s physical growth and ability to control the body as it changes. It is measured by how well a child is able to control the movement of their muscles and perform certain actions that require the brain and body to work together (co-ordination). As a young child grows taller and bigger they are able to better control both big muscle movements (gross motor skills), e.g. for jumping, and small muscle movements (fine motor skills), e.g. for holding things with their fingers.

Cognitive Development

Cognitive development refers to the way your baby learns to think, remember, imagine, gather and organize information, solve problems and develop judgement. Cognitive development means how children think, explore and figure things out.

Social & Emotional Development

Children are naturally curious and interested in other people, particularly other children. From when they are little, children are learning to understand who they are, what they are feeling and how to express this, as well as how to interact and establish relationships with others.

Language & Communication Development

Early on children are very aware of the need to communicate to tell their caregiver they are hungry or tired. A baby uses its whole body to “speak”, but later words and other tools are learned for communicating.

More Resources

What Is ECD?

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Learning Through Play

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Resources for Parents

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Seriti aRe Bapaleng

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